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Katelyn Jetelina updated her COVID-19 vaccine comparison table on 5/20/21 on her website Your Local Epidemiologist. Highlights include the latest data on how well different vaccines protect against SARS-CoV-2 variants. The post also provides a helpful discussion of two ways researchers measure how well a vaccine is working – efficacy (analyzing the level of disease protection in experiments) and immunogenicity (analyzing the levels of a type of antibody produced in response to a pathogen in the Manufactured over time).
A total of 23 states and Washington, DC recently changed their face coverings and mask guidelines in response to last week’s update of the Centers for Disease Control guidelines on guidelines for fully vaccinated people, Lindsay Kalter reports for WebMD (May 18, 2015). 21)). The second page of the WebMD story has links to various government dismantling plans.
A growing body of evidence, including a study published in The Lancet on 5/15/21 and another published in JAMA on 5/6/21, suggests that the Pfizer BioNTech vaccine doesn’t just keep us from moderate or severe COVID-19. It also protects us from getting infected with SARS-CoV-2 in the first place, thereby protecting us from passing infections on to others. Less amounts of the virus remain in the nasal passages of vaccinated people than in non-vaccinated people, said Dr. Anthony Fauci on May 16, 21 on CBS News’ Face the Nation. There are very rare “breakthrough infections” of SARS-CoV-2 in vaccinated people, but “almost always in people [with these infections] are asymptomatic [feel no symptoms]and the virus levels are so low that it is extremely unlikely, not impossible, but very, very small, that they will transmit it, ”Fauci said. These results, along with ongoing evidence that the vaccines themselves are safe and effective against SARS-CoV-2 variants, formed the scientific basis for the U.S. Centers for Disease Control guidelines (05/13/21) that vaccinated people have no needs Have more in most indoor and outdoor areas, even in crowded places, to wear masks or social distancing, reports Apoorva Mandavilli in the New York Times (05/14/21).
In one New York Times The poll, conducted between April 28 and May 10, found that 85% of 700+ epidemiologists believe that people in the United States can safely gather outdoors on July 4th as the nation “takes the curve umrounds “(as some authors say it) about the COVID-19 pandemic. Almost the same percentage of epidemiologists believe US schools can safely reopen in the fall, according to the survey results, as reported by the Times. Another noteworthy result of the survey: the majority (59%) of the epidemiologists surveyed believe that vaccination rates are the most important statistic for checking whether “most pre-pandemic activities have resumed without new precautionary measures from the COVID era should be “. So what vaccination rate or level should you be looking for? “Half of those surveyed said that at least 80 percent of Americans, including children, needed to be vaccinated before most activities could be safely performed without precaution,” writes Claire Cain Miller. Kevin Quealy and Margo Sanger-Katz (05/15/21).
And where do you find the vaccination rates for U.S. states, states, and counties? Some experts frequently consult the New York Times’ various COVID-19 dashboards, including this US Vaccination tracker that can help you determine the percentage of people in each US state who are fully vaccinated. Of course, each individual statistical key figure provides only limited information. Additional factors affecting a region’s SARS-CoV-2 risk are the local immunity of people who have recovered from SARS-CoV-2 infections or COVID-19 (areas recovering from Coronavirus fluctuations have recovered, have higher rates of “natural immunity”) as well as public health measures such as masking and distancing requirements.
In the story of freelance journalist Tara Haelle on 5/13/21 for Scientific American about the recent US approval for the use of the Pfizer BioNTech vaccine in adolescents, I heard about a website called VaxTeen. The website states that it aims to combat the “vaccination drop” in the US by directly informing teenagers and young adults of vaccine misinformation and by encouraging those groups to catch up on missing shots. One of the site’s key resources is a state-by-state index that allows teenagers to look up their legal rights to a vaccination without parental consent. Each state entry includes a statement on how local laws relate to COVID-19 vaccinations.
Cumulative research shows that COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective during pregnancy, even against some of the SARS-CoV-2 variants (e.g. BB1.1.7, first identified in the UK, and B.1.351, first identified in South Africa )), reports Emily Anthes for the New York Times (05/13/21). “Vaccinated women can also transmit protective antibodies to their fetuses via the bloodstream and to their infants via breast milk,” writes Anthes, describing the results of a study published in JAMA on May 13, 21. And neither the Pfizer BioNTech vaccine nor the Moderna vaccine harm the placenta during pregnancy. Anthes describes a 5/11/21 study as conclusive. More research is needed to examine the same issues in women in earlier stages of pregnancy, the story says.
You might like “An Open Letter To Sleep: We Need To Talk” by Viktoria Shulevich for McSweeney’s (5/20/21).
This is an opinion and analysis article.